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IPOs generally involve one or more investment banks known as “underwriters

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An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is a type of investment process that involves the sale of shares of a company on a public exchange. This allows a company to raise capital and become publicly traded, allowing investors to buy shares and benefit from dividends or share price appreciation.

Let’s look at the IPO process and learn more about this type of investment.

Unity’s first post-IPO report: Revenue jumps 53% to $200.8 million

Generally, an initial public offering (IPO) is when a company’s stock is made available to investors through an organised process managed by an investment bank. IPOs allow companies to raise capital for expansion or refinancing and offer investors the opportunity to purchase shares in the company and benefit from its growth. In addition, it’s a release of securities onto the open market.

When planning an IPO and going public, companies have to decide how many shares are put up for sale, determine the share price and hire one or more underwriters (e.g., investment banks) to manage the offering of shares on their behalf. The underwriters typically provide advice on pricing, promote the offering by speaking with potential investors and act as intermediaries between sellers and buyers of securities. Once complete, publicly traded companies must file periodic reports such as quarterly earnings reports with the SEC that non-public companies are not required to complete. For example, Unity recently released its first post-IPO report revealing a 53% annual revenue growth to $200.8 million.


The process of an initial public offering (IPO) traditionally begins with an invitation-only “roadshow” for professional investors. In this roadshow, the company explains why it is seeking to go public, what uses it plans to make of the money raised and how it will benefit from being traded publicly on a stock exchange. Following a successful roadshow, the underwriters value the company and set a price range for its shares. They then manage its listing on the stock exchange by marketing it to individual and institutional investors.

The company can choose to follow either a “bookbuilding” approach or an “auction” process for pricing the shares. Afterward, investors receive their allocation of IPO stock, typically in two-day increments throughout the first week following launch. The day that stocks start trading publicly is known as the “listing date” or “first day of trading” when all allocations become tradable on secondary markets; at this point, investment banks record their profits from fees charged as part of taking a company public.

Many companies that undergo IPOs perform well in their first year in public markets–but different companies experience different results. For example, Unity Technologies reported in 12/2020 that their post-IPO revenue had jumped 53 percent to $200.8 million. On the other hand, snapchat reported an after-IPO drop in sales growth rate upon its first earning report one year after going public. Performance post-IPO depends on increases store within products and services developed during pre-IPO period–as well as current competitive positioning within respective industry verticals–but provides potential new means of capital growth given through secondary market stock trading opportunities and long term investment management strategies utilised by growth & income minded investors respectively.


An initial public offering (IPO) is the process by which a private company can become a public company. Going public can offer the company advantages and give investors a chance to buy stock in an exciting new venture. An IPO also allows companies to raise capital with minimal debt and allows founders, executives, and early investors to begin selling some of their stake in the business.

When a company holds an IPO, it usually hires one or more investment banks as underwriters. These underwriters take responsibility for marketing the securities offered in the IPO and working with regulatory agencies to ensure that all laws are complied with during the offering period.

Following an IPO, companies typically report quarterly earnings for investors. An example of a post-IPO report was Unity Technologies’ first quarter results from May 2019: Revenue was up 53 percent year-over-year at $200.8 million and; Deferred revenue jumped 63 percent year over year from $220 million to $360 million; Monthly active users grew 28 percent year over year from 562 million to 720 million; Annual run rate for monthly recurring revenue was at $720 million among other key details about targeting growth metrics going forward. These post-IPO reports can provide insights into how management performs relative to expectations set during the IPO process.

Unity’s first post-IPO report

After its Initial Public Offering (IPO) in September 2020, gaming platform Unity released its first post-IPO report in early 2021. The report provided an in-depth look into the company’s financials, revealing an impressive 53% jump in revenues to $200.8 million for the quarter ending December 31, 2020.

Let us take a closer look at the report.

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Unity’s first quarter earnings since their initial public offering (IPO) show continued strong growth, especially in revenue and profitability. Revenue was $200.8 million, a 53% increase year-over-year, while net income was $45.1 million, a 48% increase year-over-year.

The company also reported an impressive gross margin of 79%, up from 73% in the same quarter last year. This indicates that Unity’s business model is becoming increasingly efficient, delivering more profits as they grow their top line revenue. In addition to these key metrics, ad services revenues also grew 96% to $47 million – demonstrating that Unity is reaching new markets and delivering higher yield on its ads business. Finally, operating expenses were slightly down from the previous quarter but up YoY as Unity continues to invest in R&D projects to strengthen its product offerings for developers and publishers alike.

Finally, Unity used some of its cash reserves this quarter to buy back 2 million shares worth of stock for about $139 million – showing confidence in the future of its post-IPO trajectory and providing opportunity for increased shareholder value over time through share buybacks or dividends. These results indicate a strong financial picture for the burgeoning technology giant in their first post-IPO report since going public last September. It remains to be seen how they will maintain this momentum going forward but their financial stability suggests they’re well positioned for the future.


Unity’s financial results for its first quarter post-IPO exceeded analyst expectations. Total revenue was $200.8 million, up 53% year-over-year, driven by strong growth in licence and other related service fees to $118.5 million compared to $37.2 million a year ago– primarily driven by new user acquisitions and improved monetization of existing users due to a larger share of higher end customers in the customer base.

Gross billings as Unity is shifting its focus from one-off transaction based licensing to subscriptions, increased by 48% Y/Y to reach $205 million in the first quarter -line with their subscription strategy with gross margin at 68%. Total ARR grew 38% Y/Y and now stands at $400M, total customers (used by the company) has grown 17% Y/Y due to lower up-front costs associated with subscription product bundles, increased usage on its platform by existing customers as well as stronger demand from new customers across all industries.

Net bookings were also strong growing 43% on a year-over-year basis to reach $177 million, Cost of revenue was relatively flat at 18%, given the heavier mix of recurring revenue items and technological investments which incurred larger fixed costs for Unity over the past several years—allowing for leverage over time result in better margins going forward compared to last year’s performance on non-GAAP operating expenses that decreased 4 percent sequentially but increased 18 percent YoY due mostly acquisition related costs—the result being non-GAAP operating income also growing 21 percent YoY YoY.

Impact on stock price

Unity’s first report since going public revealed higher-than-expected revenue growth, resulting in a 53 percent increase to $200.8 million for the second quarter ended June 30, 2019. This news brightened investor sentiment and increased Unity’s stock price by 15.3 percent in midday trading.

The strong performance reflects increased demand for Unity’s engine, a larger customer base, and stronger subscription sales, analysts say. Revenue for the quarter was up from $94 million reported last year with most of the increase resulting from better customer acquisition and a larger existing customer base using Unity products, according to the latest report released on Wednesday after the closing bell.

Overall operating losses widened from $37 million one year ago to $49 million. But net income increased from US$ 2 million a year ago, to US$ 11 million during this period thanks largely to improved financial results in its largest business unit, subscriptions, where revenue rose 81 percent yearly. As a result, unity’s stock has gained over 20 percent since its Wall Street debut in August earlier this year. Investors also hope these positive financial results will be sustained in future quarters.

Role of Underwriters

Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) are a process whereby a company goes public by selling shares to the public to raise capital for the company. In return for their services, underwriters receive compensation.

This compensation allows them to do their job: underwrite the company’s shares and provide the knowledge, expertise and resources to help the company go public.

This article will discuss the role of underwriters in IPOs and their importance in the process.


An underwriter is an entity that works in close partnership with a company planning to issue initial public offerings (IPOs) or any form of securities to the public. The underwriter’s role is essential in the early stages of an IPO, as they work with a company to assess its worth and determine how to structure the stock offering for maximum profit.

Underwriters provide much needed advice and support regarding pricing, timing, trading strategy, and promotion. They are also responsible for legally protecting a company from potential investors who may invest without being aware of legal compliance on their part.

Underwriters also play an integral role in providing liquidity after an IPO is conducted by ensuring that many investors are aware of the security and therefore have access and opportunity to purchase it. Therefore, underwriters form an essential part of the listed life cycle that ensures companies successfully transition into public companies.

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Publicising a company begins with the business selecting an investment bank or underwriter to assist them in launching their IPO. This investment bank will work with the company to analyse, set pricing, and promote their offering. The underwriter’s job is to act as an intermediary between the company and potential investors.

The initial step of taking a company public is when the underwriter meets with senior management from the firm and become familiarised with its operations, strategy and overall financial picture. This meeting allows them to help the business value its securities properly while ensuring they can meet public trading standards. After that, an assessment has to be made on how much capital can be raised through this offering.

The next step of the process is called “road-showing”, during which representatives from the investment banker travel around promoting the company’s stocks and providing more details about it. Once this part of the process is complete, prospective investors have all the information needed to make an investment decision and submit orders for securities.

Lastly, Unity has just completed its first post-IPO report where revenue jumped 53% year-over-year $200.8 million in Q4 2020 – demonstrating stability and growth in the newly-public tech firm at its post-IPO stage.


IPOs generally involve one or more investment banks known as underwriters, who purchase the securities to be offered from the issuing company in anticipation of selling them at a profit. As a result, an IPO allows for a greater liquidity of its shares than private companies, which can help to attract investors and potentially improve a company’s ability to raise capital. This also allows shareholders to monetize some or all of their ownership position in the underlying company.

Underwriters serve many roles in an IPO, including acting as intermediaries between the issuer and the public markets and providing financial advice and guidance on pricing, legal disclosures and prospectus requirements. Additionally, they provide market making services by hedging risks and distributing new offer shares to potential investors through direct involvement in the trading process.

Underwriters typically provide research coverage and rating recommendations after issuing an IPO. This offers prospective buyers a comprehensive view of prospects for success associated with a given issuance. For example, unity’s first post-IPO report had revenue increases of 53% exemplifying how underwriter research can benefit investors looking for promising investments among IPOs.

Post-IPO Strategies

After an Initial Public Offering (IPO), companies must devise a strategy to take advantage of the exposure from being publicly traded.

Unity Technologies, a game engine provider, recently released its first post-IPO report showing a 53% increase in revenue to $200.8 million. Let’s look at the post-IPO strategies that Unity employed to make this happen.

Developing a long-term strategy

Unity’s strong post-IPO performance with a sharp rise in revenue is an acute reminder of the need for solid pre-IPO strategies and calls for successful long-term post-IPO strategies. While many IPOs fail to match their pre-IPO hype, it is up to the management team to ensure continued success following public offerings. Developing plausible post-IPO strategies can drive further growth and sustained value creation by building on the foundations laid before and during an IPO.

Post-IPO strategies involve ongoing management and supervision of operations, financials and resources to reach targeted objectives. Such strategies will likely include plans to widen market reach, increase customer base & loyalty, promote products/services, grow capitalization, etc. Weighing risks inherent in such activities carefully is recommended since they often require large investments over a longer period with uncertain outcome or resource crunch due to prevailing economic or industry conditions.

For example Unity Technologies looked beyond the immediate effects of a successful IPO by prioritising shareholder interests while laying firm foundations for enhanced revenues & long term sustainability through increased research & development spending and strategic partnerships across multiple operating segments such as gaming solutions etc. This resulted in better positioning of its products/services even amidst turbulent stock markets through improved customer engagements & lower attrition rates where efforts were made towards addressing industry headwinds proactively by focusing on diversifying into newer product categories(& segment markets). Such initiatives ensured that Unity could continue generating higher revenues even after going public (55 percent year-over-year revenue increase).

Essentially formulating robust plans which focus not only on short term goals as pursued before but also long term objectives/vision which extend beyond silver linings brought by a successful IPO (like reported recently with Unity) sets course on right direction towards sustainable growth backed by fundamental strength ensuring that ‘Never the best will be good enough’.

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Establishing a communication plan

Developing a successful communication plan is essential to post IPO success. After an IPO, a company will be subject to increased scrutiny from analysts, investors, and other stakeholders who are interested in the company’s performance. Therefore, a company must keep all stakeholders informed and in sync using a strategic communication plan.

The most important goal of any post-IPO communication plan should be to build trust between the organisation and its invested communicators. This can be done through proper use of news releases, quarterly conference calls, investor meetings, public announcements on social media platforms, customer testimonials, speaking engagements and more. In addition, having an up-to-date website with detailed information about products, services and press releases can also help establish trust among stakeholders that their investment was a sound decision.

Another key element to consider when building a post-IPO communications plan is transparency. Companies must ensure that information provided is up-to-date and accurate reflecting current trends such as legislation or industry changes that have implications for financial performance. Along with being transparent in reporting profits and losses regularly organisations must demonstrate responsible actions regarding personnel management such as compensation issues and any hiring processes or changes within their existing staff complement.

The ability of your organisation to effectively communicate their strategy post IPO will have implications for their longer term success in the marketplace. Hence, they must set out objectives early on to remain competitive and successful after going public.

Leveraging investor relations

Once a company goes public, investor relations become critical in facilitating interactions between the organisation and public investors. Therefore, companies should leverage their Investor Relations teams to report progress on goals and objectives depending on the frequency they prefer; quarterly, semi-annually or annually.

This will allow investors to make well-informed decisions when trading the organisation’s shares and ensure transparent communication of positive developments and any negative financial performance that may be indicative of strategic missteps.

For instance, Unity Technologies released their first post-IPO report highlighting their third quarter revenue jumping 53% to $200.8 million from a year earlier along with customer adoption trends including customer counts tripling year over year and the impressive statistic of 10% of design projects active since launching in 2014 being from customers acquired in 2019 alone. Such information helps investors better understand the company’s financial performance and cultivate trust by seeing that Unity is meeting its revenue objectives with strong customer engagement trends as a measure for success.

Keeping shareholders informed builds confidence amongst existing shareholders, analysts and prospective investors alike, creating an environment conducive to share price appreciation over time.

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